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Constraint Conjunction in Weighted Phonological Grammars

Stephanie Shih
University of California, Merced
April 3, 2015 - 12:15pm to 1:15pm
Margaret Jacks Hall, Greenberg Room (460-126)

This talk examines a case of parasitic tone harmony from Dioula d’Odienné, in which there is a ganging effect of local and long-distance segmental features that increases the likelihood of tone harmony. I use the Dioula data to revisit the recent claim put forth by e.g., Potts et al. (2010), Pater (to appear) that ganging effects can be captured solely by cumulativity of weighted constraints in a log-linear model of phonology, and that constraint conjunction—the previous method of obtaining ganging—is no longer necessary given additive constraint weights (cf. Smolensky 2006). In the present analysis, I argue that the simple addition of constraint weights is insufficient to adequately model the probabilistic ganging effects of similarity found in the Dioula corpus. Weighted constraint conjunction, implemented as an interaction term in Maximum Entropy Harmonic Grammar, provides a significantly improved model of ganging. Differences between weighted constraint conjunction and previous implementations of local constraint conjunction will be discussed, as will an information-theoretic method for model selection and comparison in probabilistic Optimality Theory when addressing quantitative natural language data.

Event Type: 
P-interest Workshop
Contact Email: 
aglowka@stanford.edu